On 25 October 1916, Sapper T O’Halloran 2711 sent this card from France to his wife in Castlemaine in Victoria, no doubt hoping that two months was sufficient time for military and ordinary postal systems to ensure it arrived before Christmas Day. The item is out of copyright and was a gift to the State Library of Victoria from Misses Josie and Molly O’Halloran in 1976.
My paternal grandfather and maternal great-uncle both served in the First World War. An increasing amount of source material is now readily available to begin to understand some of the experiences of soldiers at war. Some links to those sources are provided here to assist new researchers to discover their own family stories.
The National Archives of Australia holds the personal service records of Australians at war. Many of those records are digitised and available for download. This mine of information can include movements from country to country, training, periods of leave, wounds suffered, hospitalisation periods, promotions and letters from family members particular to the soldier’s service.
The personal service record of a soldier only includes so much information as to specific whereabouts. However, knowledge of the Division in which someone served can lead you to the battles and incidents of the war your ancestor may have experienced.
Alfred Buckler’s service record includes details of the Military Cross he was awarded.
Once you’ve got some clues, you can take your research to another level.
Charles Edwin Woodrow (C E W) Bean, compiled the multi-volume Official History of Australia in the War of 1914-1918. The military sections of old and new book stores provide indexes to scour. I found the following reference to A J Buckler in Volume VI (The AIF in France: May 1918 to The Armistice) of Bean’s magnum opus. It relates to the Battle of Hamel on 4 July 1918.
“Engineers of the 4th Field Company with specially trained platoons from the infantry constructed strong points in that alignment. Footnote 77. The 4th Brigade was to have dug three of these points; but the allotted platoon of the 15th Bn apparently became involved in the heavy fighting at Pear Trench, where Lt E S Davidson (Neutral Bay NSW), the engineer officer detailed to direct the digging of the northern post, was killed. After his NCO had been wounded, a sapper R A Miller (Sydney) helped with the fortification of the front line. Lts R S Carrick (Sydney) and A J Buckler (Sydney) duly saw to the completion of the other two positions.”
My mother’s uncle George Elliott was 28 years old and serving as a stretcher bearer when he found himself right in the thick of the Battle of Messines. The long planned assault on the ridge in the early hours of 7 June 1917 saw 19 huge mines detonated within 20 seconds. The blast was so loud that it was heard across the English Channel and in Ireland.
According to Robert Likeman’s Men of the Ninth – a History of the Ninth Australian Field Ambulance 1916-1994, ambulance bearers encountered heavy shell-fire on the first day. George suffered gun shot wounds to his neck and both knees and succumbed to those wounds on 8 June.
The Australian War Memorial now has Red Cross records available on its Biographical Database. This note in George’s Red Cross file demonstrates the work of the Red Cross in following up details for the grieving families.
Details of his grave in Pont D’Achelle are also available at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission site.
Service records provide all sorts of interesting information. I won’t go into the details here, but this link hints at the reason for other medical treatment George received before his death. Frankly, if I’d been him …..
If you’re browsing for your own interest, have a look too at The National Library’s Trove : Australian Newspapers 1803-1954 – a source of news of battles, awards and, sadly, family notices of loss.
Yvonne Perkins on her Stumbling Through the Past blog shares her research on the early commemorations of Anzac Day. Well worth a read on this Anzac Day 2011.